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The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The other Central Powers on the German side of World War I were dealt with in separate treaties.[1] Although the armistice signed on 11 November 1918, ended the actual fighting, it took six months of negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peace treaty. The treaty was registered by the Secretariat of the League of Nations on 21 October 1919, and was printed in The League of Nations Treaty Series.

Wilson had devised a 14 point plan that he believed would bring stability to Europe.
  1. Open Diplomacy - There should be no secret treaties between powers
  2. Freedom of Navigation - Seas should be free in both peace and war
  3. Free Trade - The barriers to trade between countries such as custom duties should be removed
  4. Multilateral Disarmament - All countries should reduce their armed forces to the lowest possible levels
  5. Colonies - People in European colonies should have a say in their future
  6. Russia - Russia should be allowed to operate whatever government it wanted and that government should be accepted, supported and welcomed.
  7. Belgium - Belgium should be evacuated and restored to the situation before the war.
  8. France - should have Alsace-Lorraine and any lands taken away during the war restored.
  9. Italy - The Italian border should be readjusted according to nationality
  10. National Self -Determination - The national groups in Europe should, wherever possible, be given their independence.
  11. Romania, Montenegro and Serbia - Should be evacuated and Serbia should have an outlet to the sea
  12. Turkey - The people of Turkey should have a say in their future
  13. Poland - Poland should become an independent state with an outlet to the sea.
  14. League of Nations - An assembly of all nations should be formed to protect world peace in the future
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Wikipedia:
World War I (WWI), which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918. It involved all the world's great powers.
At the outbreak of the war the United States pursued a policy of non-intervention, avoiding conflict while trying to broker a peace. When a German U-boat sank the British liner Lusitania in 1915, with 128 Americans aboard, U.S. PresidentWoodrow Wilson claimed that "America is too proud to fight" but demanded an end to attacks on passenger ships. Germany complied. Wilson unsuccessfully tried to mediate a settlement. However, he also repeatedly warned that the U.S.A. would not tolerate unrestricted submarine warfare, in violation of international law and U.S. ideas of human rights. Wilson was under pressure from former presidentTheodore Roosevelt, who denounced German acts as "piracy".[99] Wilson's desire to have a seat at negotiations at war's end to advance the League of Nations also played a role in the eventual decision to join the war.[100] Wilson's Secretary of State, William Jennings Bryan, whose opinions had been ignored, resigned in 1915, as he could no longer support the president's policy. Public opinion was angered at suspected German sabotage of Black Tom in Jersey City, New Jersey, and the Kingsland Explosion.
In January 1917, Germany resumed unrestricted submarine warfare. The German Foreign Minister, in the Zimmermann Telegram, told Mexico that U.S. entry was likely once unrestricted submarine warfare began, and invited Mexico to join the war as Germany's ally against the United States. In return, the Germans would send Mexico money and help it recover the territories of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona that Mexico had lost during the Mexican-American War 70 years earlier. Wilson released the Zimmerman note to the public, and Americans saw it as casus belli— a cause for war.

Harriet Tubman
President Wilson before Congress, announcing the break in official relations with Germany on 3 February 1917.
Panel #36
World War I
The Treaty of Versailles
(1914 - 1918)
E Pluribus Unum
"Out of Many, One"
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